Convert a Python expression to a LaTeX formula


pytexit is on PyPi:

pip install pytexit


pytexit features the py2tex(), for2tex() and for2py() functions.

In a Terminal, use py2tex:

py2tex 'x = 2*sqrt(2*pi*k*T_e/m_e)*(DeltaE/(k*T_e))**2*a_0**2'

In a Python console, use py2tex():

from pytexit import py2tex
py2tex('x = 2*sqrt(2*pi*k*T_e/m_e)*(DeltaE/(k*T_e))**2*a_0**2')

returns the corresponding LaTeX formula (to re-use in papers):

$$x=2\\sqrt{\\frac{2\\pi k T_e}{m_e}} \\left(\\frac{\\Delta E}{k T_e}\\right)^2 a_0^2$$

and (in ipython console only) prints the equation:


Current Features

Successfully deal with most of the one or two parameter functions. Run the _test() function to have an idea of what’s possible.

Arbitrary syntax:

  • Variables named after Greek names are turned into LaTeX syntax:

\[Re_x=\frac{\rho v x}{\mu}\]
  • ‘numpy.sin / math.sin / np.sin’ syntax still work as expected (all standard scientific module names are removed beforehand):

  • quad() is converted into integrals:

\[\int_{0}^{\infty} f(u) du\]
  • list comprehensions are converted into LaTex syntaX:

    py2tex("np.sum([i**2 for i in range(1,101)])==338350")
\[\sum_{i=1}^{100} i^2=338350\]
  • a_subˆsuper variables are converted with “sub” as subscript and “super” as superscript:


Note that “ˆ” is the circumflex accent instead of the caret sign “^”, and is a valid Python variable name:

a_iˆj=1      # valid in Python3
  • complex sub/superscript such as second order sub/superscript and comma are supported:

\[ \begin{align}\begin{aligned}k_{i_1,i_2}^{j_1,j_2}\\More detailed rules::\\ python -> latex k_i_j -> k_i,j k_i__j -> k_(i_j) k_iˆj -> k_i^j k_iˆˆj -> k_(i^j) k_i__1_i__2ˆj__1ˆˆj__2 -> k_(i_1,i_2)^(j_1,j_2)\end{aligned}\end{align} \]

Also note that iPython uses auto-completion to convert most of the latex identifiers in their Unicode equivalent:

\alpha --> [press Tab] --> α
  • pytexit will recognize those Unicode characters and convert them again in latex expressions:

  • there is a mode to output Python expressions in Word syntax. From version 2007 Word converts most LaTeX expressions in its own graphical representation. The Word mode here was just about replacing those LaTeX {} with Word ():



This module isn’t unit aware and isn’t designed to perform calculations. It is a mere translator from Python expressions into LaTeX syntax. The idea behind it was I wanted my Python formula to be the same objects as the LaTeX formula I write in my reports / papers. It allows me to gain time (I can write my LaTeX formulas directly from the Python expression), and check my Python formulas are correct (once printed LaTeX is much more readable that a multiline Python expression)

pytexit can also convert FORTRAN formulas to Python (for2py()) and LaTeX (for2tex()):

from pytexit import for2tex
for2tex(r'2.8d-11 * exp(-(26500 - 0.5 * 1.97 * 11600 )/Tgas)')

Finally, pytexit output can be made compatible with Word equation editor with the output='word' option of py2tex():

from pytexit import py2tex
py2tex(r'2*sqrt(2*pi*k*T_e/m_e)*(DeltaE/(k*T_e))**2*a_0**2', output='word')

The latest output will typically replace all brackets {} with parenthesis () that are correctly interpreted by Word, and keep keywords that are correctly evaluated by Word (pi or cdot)


Based on a code sample from Geoff Reedy on StackOverflow

You may also be interested in the similar development from BekeJ that was built on top of the same sample. BekeJ’s code is designed to be used exclusively in an iPython console using %magic commands to perform unit aware calculations and return result in a nice LaTeX format.

Sympy also has some nice LaTeX output, but it requires declaring your symbolic variables and isn’t as fast as a one-line console command in pytexit.


In order to enforce cross-version compatibility and non-regression, pytexit is now tested with pytest and Travis. Run the test suite locally from a terminal with:

pip install pytest


  • 0.2.1 : full Python 2 support, added automated tests with pytest and Travis
  • 0.1.11 : make it reliable: added pytest, Travis, code coverage
  • 0.1.8 : fixed console script on Unix systems
  • 0.1.4 : partial Python 2 support

Still WIP


  • allow syntax “a*b = c” (not a valid Python expression, but convenient to type some LaTeX formula)
  • code for numbered equations
  • export all the conversions on an external text file

Indices and tables